Endometriosis is a disorder where uterine tissue starts growing outside the uterus, affecting the pelvis lining, fallopian tubes, or the ovaries. Endometrial tissue continues to thicken and break down according to your regular menstrual cycle. As the tissue is outside the uterus, the body isn’t able to dispel it.
Once trapped, the remaining tissue becomes irritated, growing scar and fibrous tissue, which sticks to surrounding tissues and organs. Untreated endometriosis can lead to fertility issues and increased levels of abdominal pain.
Endometriosis pain is most prevalent during your menstrual cycle. Endometriosis worsens normal pain from cramping, often resulting in severe pain in the lower back and abdomen during your period and for several days after.
Other symptoms of endometriosis may include:
A number of factors may increase your risk of developing endometriosis, including:
Endometriosis typically develops several years after menstruation starts. It ends permanently once you reach menopause unless you’re receiving estrogen hormone therapy. Symptoms of the condition also temporarily dissipate during pregnancy.
A number of non-surgical methods are available for treating endometriosis, including pain medications and hormone therapies. There are also minimally-invasive surgical options to remove the excess tissue while protecting the surrounding organs. Severe cases of endometriosis may require a hysterectomy.
Untreated endometriosis can lead to infertility as the tissue can obstruct the fallopian tubes, preventing the egg from reaching the sperm. This condition may also result in damage to the egg or sperm. Endometriosis can also increase the risk of ovarian cancer.
Endometriosis is a treatable condition and, with proper treatment, women diagnosed with it can still conceive and deliver a full-term, healthy pregnancy, as well as receive long-term pain relief.
At Gynecology and Obstetrics Medical Group, we accept most major insurance plans. Here is a list of some of the plans we accept. Please contact our office if you do not see your insurance provider listed. We unfortunately are not in contract with any Medi-cal Sponsored Programs or Kaiser.
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